General Weather/Earth Sciences Topics > Earth Sciences

"Earth Science - a New Look"

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Fermer05:
1. The reason for the formation of hydrogen sulfide in the Black Sea.
2. The mechanism of flood formation.
3. The ebbs and flows - the result of the rotation of the Earth and the cycles.
4. The mechanism of formation of rogue waves.
5. Stationary model of the solar system.
6. The cause of earthquakes is the explosion of water gases.

"The reason for the formation of hydrogen sulfide in the Black Sea."
Institute of Oceanology RAS. https://vk.com/ioran

Mixing the wind, they enrich water with oxygen only to a depth of several tens of meters of the surface of the seas and oceans, while cyclonic gyres deliver oxygen-rich water to a depth of more than 10 km. (Mariana Trench).

How does this happen?
The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming cyclonic gyres. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre

And everything that rotates, including the cycles, has the property of a gyroscope - to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space regardless of the rotation of the Earth.

If you look at the Earth from the side of the Sun, the gyres revolving with the Earth turn over, due to which the gyres precess, resulting in vertical movement of oceanic waters. https://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/9804/7837959.21/0_f6015_1eb816e5_orig

The presented theory can be easily verified by relating the oxygen content,? With the rotation speed of the cycle.
Based on the map of the depths and currents of the seas and oceans.
The higher the flow rate, the greater the oxygen content and the lower the hydrogen sulfide content. https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUg https://youtu.be/X6PavdKXIE8

List of low oxygen seas.
Black Sea, eastern Mediterranean, Gulf of Mexico, Norway fjords.
As we see, gyres are involved not only in the horizontal circulation of the waters of the seas and oceans, but also in the vertical.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dead_zone_(ecology)
https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/ocean-dead-zones/

The coefficient of oxygen content can be expressed mathematically by the following formula O = V / G
V - rotation speed, km / h.
G - depth of the reservoir, km.
Black Sea 0.2 / 1200 = 0.00016.
Sea of ​​Okhotsk 1/800 = 0.0012.

Vertical movement of ocean waters can be modeled using simple experience.
For this, a half-filled vessel with a rotating liquid (bucket, tumbler, mixer) must be rotated around itself (in orbit).
If the liquid in the bucket rotates to the right, then the bucket around itself (in orbit) must be rotated to the left. http://bourabai.ru/articles/black_sea.htm

Vertical and horizontal circulation is a vital fundamental law of nature, without which life in the ocean would be impossible.
During the vertical and horizontal circulation, there are also side non-vital effects of nature associated with gyres, ebbs and flows, seasonal rise in sea level, killer waves.
The speed of sea currents in real time.
http://portal.esimo.ru/portal https://www.ndbc.noaa.gov
http://fermi.jhuapl.edu/sat_ocean.html
All physical processes that occur in the ocean occur in the atmosphere, in part, and in the mantle of the earth.
"The laws of nature are universal."
Lao Tzu.
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2. The mechanism of the formation of floods.
Faculty of Geography, MSU. https://m.facebook.com/groups/328946357209747

The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming cyclonic gyres.
The main cause of rotation of gyres are local winds, flowing into the seas and oceans of the river and the deflecting force of Coriolis.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre

And the higher the speed of the winds, the higher the rotational speed of the gyres, thereby increasing the centrifugal force of the gyres and, as a result, the water level of the seas and oceans increases.
And the lower the rotation speed of the gyres, the lower the water level of the seas and oceans.
https://youtu.be/X6PavdKXIE8
The speed of currents along the perimeter of the seas and oceans is not the same everywhere and depends on the depth of the coast.
In the shallow part of the seas and oceans, the flow moves fast, and in the deep water part of the seas and oceans the flow moves slowly.

Seasonal increase in the water level is observed not along the entire coast of the seas and oceans, but only on those coasts where a high angular velocity of currents and, as a result, a high centrifugal force of water. (Centrifugal force F = mv2 / r).
On straight coasts where currents do not have an angular velocity, the water level does not rise.

The waters of the Gulf of Finland rotate counterclockwise, forming a cycle in the form of an ellipse.
And when the seasonal storm westerly winds and the deep Neva River unleash the gyre of more than 7 km / h, the centrifugal gyre of the gyre increases, making the water level on the east coast of the Gulf of Finland more than 3 meters.
A similar pattern of seasonal increase in water levels is observed in all lakes, seas and oceans.

The average depth of the Gulf of Finland is about 50 meters, on the east coast about 5 meters, in the west of the bay about 100 meters. For this reason, on the east coast of the Gulf of Finland, the linear and angular velocity of the currents is much higher.
As far as the depth of the coast decreases, the speed of the currents increases.
Flooding in St. Petersburg.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Floods_in_Saint_Petersburg

In the Gulf of Finland, the seasonal increase in water levels has two peaks; in August-September and in December-January and in time coincide with the season of westerly winds and the high water of the Neva River.
The speed of the current in the Gulf of Finland exceeds 7 km / hour, and the maximum speed of the current on Earth reaches 30 km / hour, the wind speed is more than 100 km / hour.
If the storm wind moves in the direction of the current for several days, then the speed of the current increases several times.
The speed of the current depends on the wind speed, the duration of the wind and the height of the waves.
With an increase in wave heights, the windage of the waves increases and, as a result, the angle of attack of the wind increases.
http://goo.gl/eYVTo6
http://esimo.oceanography.ru/esp2/index/index/esp_id/1/section_id/6/menu_id/1734

The waters of the North Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a huge circulation.
And when seasonal storm winds unleash the cycle, up to 20 km / h (on the southern coast), the centrifugal force of the cycle increases, so that on the southern coast of the North Sea the water level rises more than 5 meters.
(The storm surge is more than 2.5 meters, the centrifugal surge is more than 1 meter and the tides are more than 5 meters).
North Sea Flood 1953.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea_flood_of_1953
https://de.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Datei:North_Sea_Currents.svg

The waters of the Caspian Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a circulation in the form of an ellipse.
And when the deep-flowing Volga River spins the circulation more than 10 km / h, the centrifugal power of the circulation increases, so that on the northern coast of the Caspian Sea the water level rises more than 1 meter.
Centrifugal surge is an invisible water block at the mouth of the river.
https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%97%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%BE%D1%80

The average depth of the Caspian Sea is about 200 meters, on the north coast about 5 meters, on the south coast about 500m.
For this reason, on the northern coast of the Caspian Sea, the linear and angular velocity of the currents is much higher.
In the Caspian Sea, the peak of the seasonal water level increase is observed in June-August and coincides in time with the flood of the Volga River.
During a drought over the Volga River basin, the water level in the north of the Caspian does not rise.
http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/06.png
https://bigenc.ru/geography/text/2050560

In the Bay of Bengal, in the season of monsoon winds and floods of the Ganges River, the speed of rotation increases over 10 km / h, due to which the seasonal rise in water levels exceeds 15 meters.
(The storm surge is more than 2.5 meters, the centrifugal surge is more than 1.5 meters and the tides are more than 10 meters).
Bay of Bengal flood 1970.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1970_Bhola_cyclone

The seasonal increase in the level of the Black Sea (up to 40 cm) is most pronounced in the southeastern part of the sea, where in summer the angular velocity of the currents along the coast reaches its maximum value.
http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/07.html

The height of the floods depends not so much on the speed and direction of the wind, but on the speed of rotation of the cycle, due to which centrifugal surge and abnormally high tides are formed.
For this reason, on different coasts with the same wind speed, the height of floods varies.
In St. Petersburg, small floods occur during the calm and with the east wind.
Storm surge of high altitude in the Northern Dvina River can be formed under the influence of the north wind.
http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/22.png
https://vestnik5.geogr.msu.ru/jour/article/view/11?locale=ru_RU
If during a storm the deep rivers that flow into the bay do not create a whirlpool or the storm wind moves against the whirlwind, then the flood does not form and is easy to predict.

The assumption that the cause of the seasonal increase in the water level can be the pressure of the atmosphere, the flow of the rivers, the temperature difference and the salinity of the water do not hold water, these factors may raise the water level by several cm, but not more.
The presented theory can be easily verified by relating the speed of the current along the coast with the level of the seas and oceans.
(Based on a map of depths and currents, seas and oceans).
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Annual_cycle_of_sea_level_height
https://research.csiro.au/slrwavescoast/sea-level/sea-level-change/
http://www.okeanavt.ru/tainiokeana/1066mifosrednemurovne.html
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3. The ebb and flow is the result of the rotation of the Earth and the gyres.

Tides are not formed along the entire coast of the seas and oceans, but only on those coasts where there is a high speed of currents.
And the higher the speed of currents along the coast, the higher the amplitude of the tidal wave.
On those coasts where the speed of currents is 0 km / h, the amplitude of the tides is also 0 meters.

The waters of the lakes, seas and oceans of the northern hemisphere rotate counterclockwise, and the waters of the southern hemisphere rotate clockwise, forming cyclonic gyres.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ocean_gyre
And everything that rotates, including the cycles, has the property of a gyroscope - to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space, regardless of the rotation of the Earth.

If you look at the Earth from the side of the Sun, the gyres, rotating with the Earth, turn over twice a day, thanks to which the gyres precess (sway by 1-2 degrees) and reflect a tidal wave from themselves along the entire perimeter of the gyre.
https://goo.gl/images/M4SJq8 http://goo.gl/AM5g1s

The waters of the White Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming a huge gyroscope whirlwind, which precessing reflects the tidal wave along the entire perimeter of the White Sea. A similar pattern of tides is observed in all lakes, seas and oceans.
White Sea. http://rivermaps.ru/doc/beloe/beloe-3.htm
http://tapemark.narod.ru/more/22.png

The waters of the Mediterranean Sea rotate counterclockwise, forming tides 1015 cm high. In the Gulf of Gabes, off the coast of Tunisia, the height of the tides reaches three meters, and sometimes more, and this is considered one of the mysteries of nature. But at the same time, the whirlpool rotates in the Gulf of Gabes, precessing reflecting an additional tidal wave. https://youtu.be/wlvkrRdYNZ0
The tidal wave in the Amazon River creates a huge planetary circulation with a diameter of several thousand km., Rotating between South America and North Africa, covering the mouth of the Amazon River.
The pattern of movement of the tidal wave along the perimeter of the North Atlantic planetary circulation (according to satellite data).
https://youtu.be/ZEhm_ONTQKc?si=Gf4x72tNzhh5tYT4

The length of the tidal wave depends on the diameter of the rotation.
The height of the tidal wave depends on the rotation speed of the rotation, the orbital velocity of the Earth and the time of the rotation of the rotation (12 hours).
A = V1 V2 / t
Where, A is the amplitude of the tidal wave.
V1 is the rotation speed of the rotation.
V2 is the orbital velocity of the Earth.
t is the time of the rollover of the cycle (12 hours).
Table of tidal amplitude versus current velocity, on all coasts.
1 km / h - 1 meter.
5 km / h - 5 meter.
10 km / h - 10 meter.
15 km / h - 15 meter.
The amplitude of the tides also depends on the size of the cycle, the amount of water under the cycle, the distance from the coast to the cycle and on the direction of the current (north, south, west, east).
The currents that move along the equator reflect a tidal wave north and south twice a day.
And the currents that move along the meridian reflect a tidal wave west and east 1-2 times a day.
The speed of currents and tides is also affected by the Coriolis force of the Sun and Earth.
From the current to the coast, the tidal wave moves at an average speed of 30 km/h, about 10 minutes. (Applied time is 0 to 20 minutes). Applied time is the time it takes a tidal wave to move from the current to the coast and depends on the speed of the tidal wave, the speed at which the tidal wave approaches the tidal wave, the distance from the current to the coast and the angle of inclination of the coast. https://youtu.be/tCuf5jSfzlc?si=yFH2NxfpfCwRUITY
A simple experiment can be made if you rotate the globe around the axis and in orbit, entwined along the equator and meridian with a plastic hose in which the fluid moves.
By the height of the tides, you can determine the speed of the current along the coast, relying on the map of sea currents.
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4. The mechanism of formation of rogue waves.

A huge number of tidal waves move in the seas and oceans.
When tidal waves collide with the coastline of the continents, tides are formed.
When two tidal waves collide in the open ocean, a killer wave forms.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rogue_wave
The magnitude of the killer waves can be calculated using the following formula: H = T1 T2.
Where T is the kinetic energy of the tidal wave.
Experiment to the topic: The mystery of the Bermuda Triangle - killer waves https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=1TIY6ZoV-Jk&feature=youtu.be
As we see, killer waves are formed only in those seas where tidal waves are formed and the higher the amplitude of the tides, the higher the killer waves.
In seas where tides do not form, killer waves do not occur.
List of seas where tides and killer waves are formed, more than 50 cm high:
Irish Sea, North Sea, Barents Sea, Baffin Sea, White Sea, West Mediterranean, Bering Sea, Sea of ​​Okhotsk, Arabian Sea, Sargas Sea, Hudson Bay, Maine Bay, Alaska Bay, etc.
List of seas where tides and killer waves are formed, less than 50 cm high:
Baltic Sea, Greenland Sea, Black Sea, Sea of ​​Azov, Chukchi Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, Red Sea, Sea of ​​Marmara, Caribbean Sea, Sea of ​​Japan, Gulf of Mexico, etc.
In the season of abnormally high tides, abnormally high killer waves form.
The highest tides and killer waves are formed in the North Atlantic, in the Pacific Ocean in the Sea of ​​Okhotsk, etc.

You can conduct a simple experiment if two stones are simultaneously thrown into a bath of water. (the distance between the stones is 10 - 15 cm).
When a tidal wave collides, the emerging killer wave foams and a larger wave pulls through a smaller wave somewhat.
You can create a killer wave with a height of 0.3 meters and a duration of 0.5 seconds, if two divers at the same time jump "bomb" into the pond from a height of 2 meters. (distance between jumping 3 meters).
If, in a cup with water, hit simultaneously with two tablespoons and a "killer wave" is formed there.
The mechanism of formation of the tidal hump in the river, and killer waves in the oceans is similar and the height of the tidal hump in the river depends on the kinetic energy of the current in the river, and the kinetic energy of the tidal wave.
https://images.app.goo.gl/fNxSM5ZBGN5evNQi9

Tidal waves move in the open ocean in different directions, at speeds up to 100 km / h, they are also called solitons or Rossby waves.
Barely visible tidal waves colliding with storm waves create a killer wave and are the main cause of the wreck of ships.
The map shows the areas of the most frequent occurrence of killer waves. https://habr.com/ru/companies/ruvds/articles/585414/
In the North Atlantic, killer waves form mainly around the perimeter of the North Atlantic planetary cycle as a result of the collision of tidal waves with storm waves (three sisters).
Suloy is a throw of water on the surface of the sea.
https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D1%83%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%B9

The hypothesis that the superposition of wind waves can be the cause of the formation of rogue waves does not stand up to criticism, since rogue waves are also formed during a calm period. (Wind waves do not form a tidal wave).
The statement that methane floating from the bottom of the ocean sharply reduces the density of water and the vessel loses buoyancy is also not true, since a decrease in the density of water cannot cause mechanical damage to ships and oil platforms.
The crews of the ships always record the impact of a huge wave, but no one has yet been able to record the methane emission.

In the North Sea, off the coast of Norway, on the Dropner oil platform on January 1, 1995, during a 12-meter storm wave, a killer wave of 25.6 meters was formed.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Draupner_wave
I believe the reason for this natural phenomenon is a tidal current that moves along the coast of Norway from west to east, reflecting a tidal wave from itself, both towards the coast and towards the open sea.
Also, north of the Dropner oil platform through the Pentland Firth Strait, a current moves at a speed of 16 knots from west to east, reflecting a tidal wave north and south.
https://www.equinor.com/en/what-we-do/partner-operated-fields-in-norway/draupner.html
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Sea
In the North Sea, only storm and tidal waves move.
And only, the interaction of tidal and storm waves can be the cause of the formation of killer waves.

Continuation: Forum of Akademgorodok Novosibirsk. The science. https://forum.academ.club/index.php?showtopic=1235578
Forums of Nizhny Novgorod State University named after. N.I. Lobachevsky. http://forum.unn.ru/viewtopic.php?f=39&t=10331&sid=cfbc49e0cf32263eff20888ca205ab15

miraculon:
Interesting.

That third link https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUghttps://youtu.be/X6PavdKXIE8 returns a 404 Not Found error.

Greg H.

Fermer05:

--- Quote from: miraculon on December 22, 2018, 09:07:58 AM ---Interesting.

That third link https://youtu.be/ihM1I5r_MUghttps://youtu.be/X6PavdKXIE8 returns a 404 Not Found error.

Greg H.

--- End quote ---

Thank you sent.
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Criticism of the lunar theory of tides.

According to the Static Tidal Theory, the Lunar tidal wave moves from east to west following the moon, at a speed of 1600 km / h, skirting the Earth in 24 hours, flooding only the eastern shores of the continents. But after centuries it was discovered.
1. That the Lunar tidal wave floods both the western and southern and northern coasts of the continents?
2. That the speed of a tidal wave of 1600 km / h is detrimental to both continents and marine fauna?
3. That not two tidal humps function simultaneously across the globe, but more than a hundred, regardless of the location of the Moon?
4. That the applied hour, which theoretically should be 50 minutes, was stretched from 0 to 12 hours and serves as a tool for adjusting the lunar theory of tides to reality.
5. That abnormally high tides for some reason form in semi-closed bays, where there is no direct access to the tidal wave. And in bays open to tidal waves, are there no tides at all, or are they small?

Later, the Dynamic theory of tides was proposed, which was supposed to answer all the questions posed.
According to the dynamic theory of tides, the Lunar tidal wave moves from east to west at a speed of 800 to 1600 km / h.
Crashing into the continents, part of the wave is scattered in place, and the reflected part rotates around the ocean, thanks to the Coriolis effect. Like water that spins in a cup when you slide the cup back and forth.
The only link on the Internet that reveals the "essence" of the dynamic theory of tides. http://ffden-2.phys.uaf.edu/645fall2003_web.dir/Ellie_Boyce/dynamic.htm
 
But the dynamic theory of tides does not answer all the questions posed.
1. What is the mechanism of tidal wave scattering in the region of collision of the tidal hump with the continent?
2. If the cup of water is moved back and forth, the water will splash out and not rotate.
3. How does the tidal current that travels along the coast create the ebb and flow?
4. While the tidal wave makes one revolution around the Earth, the Moon makes two revolutions, how is the gravitational connection between the Moon and the tidal hump carried out?
5. In order for the Lunar tidal hump to exist, a nonuniform gravitational field is necessary, and for this, the Moon must constantly be above the hump, otherwise the hump will fall apart?
6. If the Moon created the tidal hump on Earth, it would not be an ellipse but a "drop". (The force of gravity is stacked, not compensated)?
7. It is believed that tidal waves are synchronized with the daily rotation of the earth and are delayed by 50 minutes every day.
The moon is out of sync with the tidal waves. (There is only one moon, but there are hundreds of tidal waves on Earth)?
8. It is believed that the abnormally high "Tides of the Century" with an amplitude of 15 meters in the Gulf of Saint-Malo, France, formed during the parade of planets. Then why, in other bays of France and the northern hemisphere, during the parade of the planets, abnormally high "Tides of the century" are not formed.
Moreover, in some bays of France during the parade of the planets, abnormally low tides of the century are formed.
9. According to the lunar tide theory, the maximum tides in the northern hemisphere should occur in the summer, when the moon and sun move over the seas of the northern hemisphere.
In reality, the maximum tides in the northern hemisphere are formed - in spring and autumn, when the Moon and the Sun are in the southern hemisphere.
The record high tide in the Bay of Fundy - 21 meters - occurred on the night of October 5, 1869, when the Moon and Sun were in the southern hemisphere.
The cyclical theory of tides explains this by the fact that the speed of rotation of the gyres increases in spring and autumn.
10. How to explain the fact that in the Southwest Australia in the port of Fremantle the tides are significant for part of the year and then disappear.
Once a year, in the Northern Dvina delta, during the spring flood, the ebb and flow mysteriously disappear for several days, sometimes for a week, and this is considered one of the mysteries of nature?
11. According to the Lunar tide theory, the maximum tides are formed in the phase of the new moon and full moon, and the minimum - in the first and last quarter.
But in reality, the maximum tides are formed in the new moon phase, the minimum - in the full moon phase.
12. The modern tide table is made by trial and error, and adjusted to the lunar theory of tides.
It is quite easy to compile a tide table by trial and error, for the reason that the tide heights are almost the same every year, except for the bays into which the rivers flow.
Tide tables were compiled long before the discovery of tide theory (by trial and error).
The same tables are used today; they are updated annually based on long-term data.
13. What theory was the Chinese tidal calendar based on in 1100?
The editorial board of the journal is ready to withdraw the article if an objective critical review is written. Scientific journal "NBIKS-Science. Technologies" http://www.rusnor.org/pubs/articles/15638.htm
The rule of recall (retraction) of an article from publication
https://rasep.ru/sovet-po-etike/pravilo-otzyva-retragirovaniya-stati-ot-publikatsii

Fermer05:
5. Stationary model of the solar system.
Community of Russian scientists. https://vk.com/rosuch

1. The solar system is an autonomous object of the Universe, does not rotate around the center of the galaxy, but is in a stationary state in space.
2. In the infinite Universe there is a solar system, in the center of which the Sun rotates, emitting light.
As sunlight moves toward the edge of the solar system, the kinetic energy of light is converted into potential energy, causing the speed of light to decrease.
Approaching the edge of the Solar System, under the influence of the Coriolis force, sunlight is deflected and begins to move along the perimeter of the Solar System, against the rotation of the Sun.
3. Next, the light, moving along the edge of the Solar system, collapses into a star, due to which the kinetic energy of light is transformed into the rotational energy of stars. https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C3%89tat_plasma
At the edge of the Solar System, the mass of stars, the force of gravity, the speed of light, as well as the axial and orbital speed of stars are close to zero.
4. The star, being in a state of "weightlessness", floats along the edge of the Solar system in the form of plasma, nebulae and galaxies in the direction of the rotation of the Sun, relying on the laws of celestial mechanics and temperature differences - the Yarkovsky effect. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yarkovsky_effect
A nebula is formed as a result of the explosion of a star that has reached critical mass and consists of gas and dust. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nebula
The galaxy is a lenticular nebula formed as a result of the explosion of a rotating star. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_rotation 
5. Approaching the Sun, the star becomes denser, due to which the temperature and brightness of the stars increases, nebulae, galaxies and asteroids are formed.
Most of the mass of the Solar System is accounted for by the Sun and the ecliptic plane, due to which asteroids, revolving around the Sun, slowly approach both the Sun and the ecliptic plane, due to which the Kuiper belt is formed.
Then planets emerge from the Kuiper belt, surrounded by a system of rings from which satellites are formed. https://youtu.be/0iaOnql4d3E?si=h4CwWv5zLxY9WoBl
6. Further, as they approach the Sun, the temperature, axial and orbital speed of the planets and satellites increase, due to which the satellites are thrown out of orbit and the planets are overturned. https://youtu.be/QaO9gC9EXNI?si=rOzRc9TaFdQGpHDb
When the planet comes close to the Sun, the geological activity of the planets increases, resulting in an explosion of the combustible mixture in the fractures of the planets, and as a result the planet is destroyed into fragments, similar to Comet Shoemaker - Levy 9.
Then fragments of the planets, rotating around the Sun at a speed of tens of km/sec, crash into the surface of the Sun, due to which the axial speed of the Sun increases. The self-ignition temperature of gases is about 500 degrees.
7. The radius of the Solar system depends on the speed of light, the radius of the Sun, and the axial velocity of the Sun. R ≈ c瓶/ω.
The speed of light is ≈ 1,000,000,000 km/hour.
The radius of the Sun is ≈ 700,000 km.
The linear rotation speed of the Sun is ≈ 7000 km/h.
The radius of the Solar system is ≈ 1,000,000,000,000 km.
Due to the Coriolis force of the Sun, the Solar system is not scattered in space, but has the shape of a sphere.
8. Sunlight, rotating along the edge of the solar system, collapses into a star, due to which the kinetic energy of light is transformed into the rotational energy of stars, according to the following scheme.
a) When a photon moves against the rotation of the Sun, the centrifugal force of the photon decreases, due to which the photon begins to move closer to the Sun.
b) When a photon approaches the Sun, the Coriolis force deflects the photon in the direction of the Sun's rotation.
c) When a photon moves towards the rotation of the Sun, the centrifugal force of the photon increases, causing the photon to move away from the Sun.
9. The Earth and Moon pair, in an elliptical orbit, rotate around a common center of mass and move in the direction of rotation of the Sun.
A photon consists of two particles rotating around the center of mass, which move in space against the rotation of the Sun, thanks to the deflecting Coriolis force of the Sun.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light
The photon and the Sun are interconnected by gravity, just like the Sun, Earth and Moon. (Three body problem).
The more the gravity of the Sun affects the particles of the photon, the more the orbit of the particles is extended and the greater the speed of the Photon. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Photon
At the edge of the Solar System, as the Sun's gravity decreases, the ellipse of particles also decreases, due to which the speed of Photons decreases significantly.
Next, the photons move from the edge of the Solar System to the Sun in the form of stars, planets and satellites, over billions of years, possessing enormous potential energy, which can be calculated using the following formula. U = (Ms+mch)瓶
Ms - Mass of the Sun.
mch - Particle mass.
r - Distance from the Sun to the particle.
Without the gravitational influence of the Sun, the Earth-Moon Pair and Photon disintegrate.
Based on the mechanics of interaction of three bodies, it is possible to construct a supportless propulsion device. https://youtu.be/um5nS-vA9is?si=ORVhOM36rKW2PcKZ And its transformations. https://youtu.be/4_M-fBv5Xmc?si=3nRFzsUytTQDqqvb
10. An asteroid is born as a result of the explosion of a star that has reached critical mass, and is accompanied by the release of gas and dust. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Supernova
Next, a nebula is formed from gas and dust, and then a galaxy, similar to cyclones and anticyclones. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galaxy
The size, shape, axial tilt, and rotation rate of a galaxy depend on the axial velocity of the star before the explosion. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_rotation
Galaxy without stars. https://www.nytimes.com/2024/01/26/science/space/dark-galaxy-stars.html
11. Proper motion of stars.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proper_motion
Galaxies, atmospheric cyclones and anticyclones rotate around their own axis and in orbit, and everything that rotates has the property of a gyroscope to maintain the vertical position of the axis in space regardless of the rotation of the Earth, due to which blocking, overturning and drift of galaxies occurs.
The direction of galaxy drift depends on the inclination of the axis and orbit of the galaxies relative to the ecliptic plane.
Due to the gyroscope properties that galaxies have, galaxies drift around the entire perimeter of the Solar System rather than aligning themselves in the ecliptic plane. https://youtu.be/aj-RClXNloc?si=AK_KmsP1X9tcl0Hz
Perhaps Barnard's flying star revolves around the Sun in a highly elongated orbit and is at perihelion.
Or Barnard's Star, this is a dwarf planet that revolves around the Sun in a highly elongated orbit with an orbital period of more than 1000 years and is at aphelion.
The speed of Comet Halley at perihelion is 54 km/s, and at aphelion 1 km/s. https://www.google.com/amp/s/spacegid.com/zvezda-barnarda.html/amp https://kosmolenta.com/index.php/1710-2021-02-12-farfarout
12. Outside the solar system, sunlight does not penetrate and it will be impossible to see the solar system from the side of the universe.
13. So little sunlight comes to Pluto that our star can be confused with a large star. Sunlight on Pluto is thought to be 1,600 times dimmer than on Earth. https://safereactor.cc/post/2769840
14. Perhaps the star reflects both its own light and the Sun?s light.
a) What has been said can be easily verified by performing a simple experiment.
15. Our Sun loses more than 1 billion tons of matter per year due to the emission of light.
I assume the same amount of matter falls onto the Sun from space.

The assertion that the solar system revolves around the center of the Galaxy does not stand up to criticism.
If the Solar System revolved around the center of the Galaxy, then the Earth, rotating around the Sun, would approach and move away from the center of the Galaxy, as a result of which the Earth痴 orbit, thanks to the Coriolis force of the Sun, would be elongated along the orbit of the Sun. Similar to the lunar orbit. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galactic_year https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Milky_Way
But the orbits of the planets are not elongated along the 登rbit of the Sun, this means that the Sun does not rotate around the center of the galaxy but is stationary in space. https://m.habr.com/ru/post/411567
Objects in the Solar System cannot endlessly rotate around numerous centers.
The laws of celestial mechanics are not omnipotent and are limited to the three-body problem; the Earth revolves around the Sun, the Moon revolves around the Earth, and nothing revolves around the Moon.
No natural satellite of the planets has a permanent or temporary companion, as this would already be a four-body problem, which is contrary to the laws of being.
For this reason, the artificial satellites of the Earth rotate by inertia much longer than the artificial satellites of the Moon. https://naked-science.ru/qa/518331
And the most important question is why asteroids have satellites, but planetary satellites do not have satellites, despite the fact that planetary satellites are much more massive than asteroids. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Subsatellite
Saturn's two moons, Janus and Epimetheus, move in the same orbit and pass each other every four years. If these two satellites orbited the Sun, then Janus would have captured Epimetheus. https://elementy.ru/kartinka_dnya/430/Tanet...usa_i_Epimetey
In nature there is no relationship without symbiosis, and the solar system does not need the center of the galaxy.
Comet Galya orbits the Sun every 75 years, in a highly elongated orbit, due to the fact that the Sun does not revolve around the center of the Galaxy.

The Big Bang theory was born from the observation that other galaxies are moving away from ours at great speed in all directions, and based on this hypothesis the Big Bang hypothesis was written. https://bigenc.ru/c/teoriia-bol-shogo-vzryva-217844
1. Thanks to what forces the Universe assembles and explodes. Without an answer to this question, the Big Bang hypothesis has no right to exist.
2. After the Big Bang, the Galaxies, having received fantastic kinetic energy, must move in a straight line and forever.
a) Rectilinear motion contradicts the laws of celestial mechanics.
3. The center of the Solar system is the Sun, and the role of the Sun for the Solar system is vital, but what role does the center of the Universe play for the Universe,  what is there and what happens?
4. What was the state of the laws of celestial mechanics before the explosion, at the moment of the explosion, and after the explosion, how and when did they arise?
5. Moving away from the center of the Universe, the galaxies began to rotate around their own center, what force rotates the galaxies and where did this force come from?
6. After expansion, the Universe contracts back and Galaxies rush towards the center of the Universe with enormous speed.
7. For what reason the galaxies stopped scattering and began to gather.
8. What force attracts galaxies to the center of the Universe, if it is a gravitational force, then how does it arise?
9. How much energy is released when a galaxy collides with the center of the Universe. https://bigenc.ru/c/singuliarnost-prostranstva-vremeni-867893
10. The statement that the spiral arms, together with the stars, move around the center of the galaxy with the same angular velocity (like helicopter blades) contradicts the laws of celestial mechanics.
At the same time: The farther the planets are from the Sun, the lower the orbital speed of the planets.
While Neptune makes one revolution around the Sun, Mercury makes more than 500 revolutions.
a) The statement that in spiral galaxies a star rotates along with the arms is questionable, for the reason that we see only those stars that are behind the arms and illuminate the arms. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spiral_galaxy
11. An interstellar cloud approximately 30 light years across and with a temperature of about 6,000 degrees is believed to be located in our galaxy. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Local_Interstellar_Cloud
At the same time, the Earth, rotating around the Sun and the center of the galaxy, moves through the cloud at a speed of 250 km/sec.
a) Does the Earth encounter interstellar gas and dust as the Earth moves behind the Sun?
b) What changes occur in the atmosphere of planets when planets enter a cloud?
c) Does interstellar gas and dust reduce the orbital speed of planets, satellites and comets?
d) Are there any facts of collisions of artificial satellites with gas and dust molecules?
e) How does a star emit gas and dust molecules, and where is interstellar fog located in the solar system?
f) How does interstellar dust reach each other if the distance between stars is hundreds of light years?
g) If the stars emitted gas and dust, then a continuous fog with zero visibility would hang in the starry sky.
https://bigenc.ru/c/mezhzviozdnyi-gaz-2dc301
The density of interstellar gas can reach 10,000 molecules per cubic centimeter.
https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/ruwiki/1828708
12. The statement that a star emits dust, gas and plasma, and then the dust, gas and plasma turns back into a star, contradicts elementary logic. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stellar_evolution

Coriolis force on Earth and in the Solar System. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coriolis_force
The Coriolis force occurs when an object approaches or moves away from the Earth's axis.
At the same time, when an object that moves on or around the Earth approaches or moves away from the axis of the Sun, the Solar Coriolis force is generated.
The deflecting Solar Coriolis force, due to the axial and orbital rotation of the Earth, is somewhat more complex.
The flow of the Volga River is constantly pressed against the western bank of the river by the Coriolis force of the Earth, and the Solar Coriolis force, due to the axial and orbital rotation of the Earth, deflects the flow of the Volga River either to the western bank or to the eastern bank twice a day. For this reason, winding currents form in the seas and oceans. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meander
The above can be easily verified by rotating a globe around its axis and orbit, entwined along the equator and meridian with a polyethylene hose in which the liquid moves.
The Coriolis effect of the Earth does not depend on the inclination of the axis of the earth, and the Solar Coriolis force depends.

The solar Coriolis force is involved in the formation of the Moon's ellipse.
When the Moon, rotating around the Earth in the last quarter approaches the Sun at a speed of 1 km/sec, and in the first quarter moves away from the Sun at a speed of 1 km/sec, the Solar Coriolis force slightly stretches the Moon's orbit along the Earth's orbit, due to which the Moon's elliptical orbit is formed . https://images.app.goo.gl/wmqRKPc9jzScCrB16
When the Moon is in its new and full moon phases, the Solar Coriolis Force does not affect the Moon's orbit because During these phases, the Moon does not approach or move away from the Sun.
The eccentricity of the Moon's orbit can be calculated using the following formula. E = Vz / Vl = 0.0411 / 0.55 = 0.0747
Where Vz - Earth's orbital speed - 0.0411 degrees / hour.
Vl - Moon's orbital speed - 0.55 degrees / hour.
The eccentricity of the Moon's orbit can be calculated using the following formula.
E = (Vz / Sz) / (Vl / Sl) = 0.00071 / 0.0095 = 0.0747
Where Vz is the Earth's orbital speed - 107,218 km / h.
Sz - Distance from the Sun to the Earth - 150,000,000 km.
Where Vl is the Moon's orbital speed - 3683 km / h.
Sl - Distance from the Earth to the Moon 384,000 km.
The eccentricity of the Moon's orbit varies, from 0.026 to 0.077.
Both formulas show that the average eccentricity of the Moon's orbit is 0.0747.
And the average eccentricity of the moon's orbit, obtained using radar, is 0.054.
Also, the eccentricity of the Moon's orbit can be determined by the following formula. E = Vl / Vz = 27.3 / 365.2 = 0.0747
Where Vl is the Moon's orbital angular velocity.
Vz - Orbital angular velocity of the Earth.
By dividing the orbital speed of the Moon by the eccentricity of the Moon's orbit, the Earth's orbital speed can be calculated. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moon
Based on the fact of the approach and removal of the moon from the sun, it is possible to construct. Reactionless drive. https://youtu.be/4_M-fBv5Xmc

The reason for the geological activity of the planets is also the Coriolis solar force.
The side of the Earth located at dawn, as a result of the axial rotation of the Earth, approaches the Sun at a speed of 1600 km/h, and the side of the Earth located at sunset moves away from the Sun at a speed of 1600 km/h. due to which the Solar Coriolis force stretches the Earth along the Earth痴 orbit, and as a result, the geological activity of planets and satellites increases. (Rotating planets heat up, like a flat tire on a car.)
The high geological activity of Jupiter's moon Io can be explained by the fact that the axial and orbital velocity of Io is 15 times greater than that of the Moon.
Io's orbital speed is 17 km / s, and the Moon's orbital speed is 1 km / s. Io's axial velocity is 1 revolution per 42 hours, and the moon's axial velocity is 1 revolution per month.
The distance from Jupiter to Io, the surface temperature and diameter of Io are the same as those of the Moon.
Geologically active are also Earth, Jupiter, Ceres, Enceladus, etc.
The geological activity of Venus and Mercury, due to the slow rotation, is extremely low. https://images.app.goo.gl/EC2iXou7XDLBWMB66
If Io gets closer to Jupiter, then the axial and orbital velocity of Io will increase, due to which the Solar Coriolis force can tear Io into numerous pieces, which will then be located along Io's orbit, forming a ring.
Perhaps the Shoemaker Comet, Levi 9, was torn apart by the Solar Coriolis effect as it approached Jupiter at perihelion.
At the time of the comet's rupture, the distance from Jupiter to the comet reached about 40,000 km, and the orbital speed was 60 km / s. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comet_Shoemaker%E2%80%93Levy_9
The coefficient of geological activity of planets depends on the diameter, axial and orbital speed of the planets.
The video shows how the Coriolis solar force is pulling the Earth and the Moon's orbit along the Earth's orbit. https://youtu.be/AjnA-5WFlgw?si=Ns0Opg18dlIUmRHU

Continuation: Forum of Akademgorodok Novosibirsk. The science. https://forum.academ.club/index.php?showtopic=1235578
Forum on Flagship https://vmf.net.ru/forums/viewtopic.php?t=2328

Fermer05:
7. The cause of earthquakes is the explosion of water gases.
Community of Russian scientists. https://vk.com/rosuch

In the mountain systems of the Earth, there are deep vertical faults in the earth's crust, in which water collects. https://www.researchgate.net/figure/Active-fault-map-of-the-EMME-Project-region_fig2_313429199
In faults the size of Lake Baikal, as a result of pressure, temperature and time, the process of water degassing occurs, due to which light gases collect in the upper part of the faults, and heavy gases in the lower. https://trendymen.ru/lifestyle/events/132544
And as soon as the ratio of gases and oxygen in the vertical fault reaches - 1:10, an explosion occurs and the waves from the earthquake source scatter in different directions. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canyon
In a fault, the combustible mixture does not explode in its entirety, but only in the segment where the combustible mixture has reached the desired proportion. https://clck.ru/34zziH
The duration of earthquakes and the number of underground explosions depends on the amount of combustible mixture in the fault. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liquid_oxygen
Before and after the main seismic events, local explosions, foreshocks and aftershocks occur in separate segments of the fault, due to which gases and oxygen are mixed, pressure and temperature increase, causing a rumble, trembling and swelling of the earth's crust. Foreshocks and aftershocks are also catalysts and precursors of major seismic events. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreshock
Ignition of a combustible mixture occurs as a result of compression of the combustible mixture, contact of magma with a combustible mixture, or from an electric discharge. The self-ignition temperature of gases is about 500ーC. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earthquake
It is possible that other variants of combustible mixtures are formed in the bowels of the earth. https://www.ngpedia.ru/id659214p1.html
The presented hypothesis can be easily verified by blowing up a firecracker under the ice. https://youtu.be/zFdF6-qaPSA https://youtu.be/UDLobrro2Ao https://youtu.be/U7pNie2403A
1. After the explosion, faults diverge from the source of the earthquake, into which the combustible mixture rushes.
2. As a result of pressure, temperature and time, the walls of the faults become stronger.
The height of the faults reaches more than a kilometer, the width is several tens of kilometers, and the length is several hundred kilometers. https://clck.ru/34pyLR
3. After seismic events, faults are filled with magma, due to which one of the types of folded mountains is formed. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dike_(geology)
4. It is possible that basalt pillars and mesas were formed at the beginning of the process of mountain building, during the cooling of magma in vertical faults and in the vents of volcanoes. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Columnar_jointing https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesa
5. Deep-water tectonic lakes, canyons and rivers were formed as a result of the failure of vertical faults. https://clck.ru/35AQMJ
https://bigenc.ru/c/tektonicheskie-oziora-f68d86
6. I believe that minerals are formed in vertical and horizontal faults under the influence of temperature, pressure and time.
7. In the resulting faults, rarefaction occurs, due to which the faults draw in air and then close.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oxyhydrogen
8. It is possible that some vertical faults are interconnected.
9. It is possible that ravines form between the earth's crust and magma on the reverse side of the earth's crust, in which, due to the degassing of magma, a combustible mixture is collected. https://www.ngpedia.ru/id659214p1.html
And as soon as the ratio of gases reaches - 1:10, an explosion occurs, due to which faults and waves from the source of the earthquake scatter in different directions.

The amplitude of a seismic wave can be determined by the following formula: A = m/h.
Where, m is the mass of the combustible mixture.
h is the depth of the combustible mixture.
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seismic_wave
In the epicentral region, a predominantly vertical oscillation of the earth's crust occurs with an amplitude of more than a meter, and waves with an amplitude of about a meter diverge from the epicentral region.
1. Before an earthquake, some animals leave the active fault zone. I think the animals are alarmed by the smell of gas coming out of cracks. https://clck.ru/34raLX
2. The gas content above the epicentral region can be determined using a gas trap containing litmus paper. Litmus paper can be placed in basements that are on the fault line. https://m.fishki.net/3822287-kak-zhivotn
3. The concentration of gases in the faults can be determined using wells.
4. An earthquake can be provoked artificially by drilling a well in fresh faults. https://clck.ru/34pyLR
5. It is possible that the cause of anomalous phenomena in the atmosphere during seismic events is the release of a combustible mixture into the atmosphere.
6. Chinese scientists began drilling a well 10,000 meters deep. https://clck.ru/34zvXo

The early stage of the Earth's evolution was accompanied by the formation of cracks. On one of the cracks, thanks to volcanoes and earthquakes, the Mid-Atlantic volcanic ridge was formed, which grows both in length and width, and in height and depth at a rate of 0 to 3 mm per year. The reason for the growth of the ridge is the vertical and horizontal faults that form at the junction and around the ridge.
Thanks to volcanoes and earthquakes, faults expand by millimeters, mountain systems by centimeters, and the epicentral region by meters. https://images.app.goo.gl/vabkhhfCca979hDJ9
Mountain systems formed hundreds of millions of years ago, after the formation of the earth's crust, when the earth's crust beneath the mountain systems was much softer and thinner.
The higher the mountain systems grew, the more they subsided, shifts, bends, failures in mountain systems, the result of uneven growth and subsidence of mountain systems.
Three types of mountains form on earth:
a) Horizontal folded mountains, formed due to numerous eruptions of lava on the surface of the Earth.
b) Vertical fold mountains are formed after seismic events when vertical faults are filled with magma.
c) Blocky mountains are formed when folded mountains collapse and grow due to explosions in vertical and horizontal faults.
Due to faults, the density decreases and, as a result, the buoyancy of the earth's crust increases.
a) The height of the continent above the magma level depends on the density of the continental crust.
b) The more faults and voids in the mountain systems, the higher the mountain systems.
Gases move along the faults that stretch from the mountain systems into the seas and oceans, due to which seaquakes are formed, and as a result, the mountain systems attack the ocean.
Along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge there are dozens of islands through which air enters the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, perhaps the more islands above the oceanic ridge, the higher the geological activity of the ridge. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mid-Atlantic_Ridge
Earthquakes and volcanoes are natural phenomena, the role of which is the strengthening of cracks in the earth's crust. And mountain systems are patches on the cracks of the planets.
Every year, more than a million earthquakes are recorded on the continents, due to which the strength and buoyancy of the earth's crust increases.

Continuation: Academgorodok Forum Novosibirsk. The science. https://forum.academ.club/index.php?showtopic=1235578
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