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7. The cause of earthquakes is the explosion of water gases.
Community of Russian scientists.

In the mountain systems of the Earth, there are deep vertical faults in the earth's crust, in which water collects.
In faults the size of Lake Baikal, as a result of pressure, temperature and time, the process of water degassing occurs, due to which light gases collect in the upper part of the faults, and heavy gases in the lower.
And as soon as the ratio of gases and oxygen in the vertical fault reaches - 1:10, an explosion occurs and the waves from the earthquake source scatter in different directions.
In a fault, the combustible mixture does not explode in its entirety, but only in the segment where the combustible mixture has reached the desired proportion.
The duration of earthquakes and the number of underground explosions depends on the amount of combustible mixture in the fault.
Before and after the main seismic events, local explosions, foreshocks and aftershocks occur in separate segments of the fault, due to which gases and oxygen are mixed, pressure and temperature increase, causing a rumble, trembling and swelling of the earth's crust. Foreshocks and aftershocks are also catalysts and precursors of major seismic events.
Ignition of a combustible mixture occurs as a result of compression of the combustible mixture, contact of magma with a combustible mixture, or from an electric discharge. The self-ignition temperature of gases is about 500░C.
It is possible that other variants of combustible mixtures are formed in the bowels of the earth.
The presented hypothesis can be easily verified by blowing up a firecracker under the ice.
1. After the explosion, faults diverge from the source of the earthquake, into which the combustible mixture rushes.
2. As a result of pressure, temperature and time, the walls of the faults become stronger.
The height of the faults reaches more than a kilometer, the width is several tens of kilometers, and the length is several hundred kilometers.
3. After seismic events, faults are filled with magma, due to which one of the types of folded mountains is formed.
4. It is possible that basalt pillars and mesas were formed at the beginning of the process of mountain building, during the cooling of magma in vertical faults and in the vents of volcanoes.
5. Deep-water tectonic lakes, canyons and rivers were formed as a result of the failure of vertical faults.
6. I believe that minerals are formed in vertical and horizontal faults under the influence of temperature, pressure and time.
7. In the resulting faults, rarefaction occurs, due to which the faults draw in air and then close.
8. It is possible that some vertical faults are interconnected.
9. It is possible that ravines form between the earth's crust and magma on the reverse side of the earth's crust, in which, due to the degassing of magma, a combustible mixture is collected.
And as soon as the ratio of gases reaches - 1:10, an explosion occurs, due to which faults and waves from the source of the earthquake scatter in different directions.

The amplitude of a seismic wave can be determined by the following formula: A = m/h.
Where, m is the mass of the combustible mixture.
h is the depth of the combustible mixture.
In the epicentral region, a predominantly vertical oscillation of the earth's crust occurs with an amplitude of more than a meter, and waves with an amplitude of about a meter diverge from the epicentral region.
1. Before an earthquake, some animals leave the active fault zone. I think the animals are alarmed by the smell of gas coming out of cracks.
2. The gas content above the epicentral region can be determined using a gas trap containing litmus paper. Litmus paper can be placed in basements that are on the fault line.ů
3. The concentration of gases in the faults can be determined using wells.
4. An earthquake can be provoked artificially by drilling a well in fresh faults.
5. It is possible that the cause of anomalous phenomena in the atmosphere during seismic events is the release of a combustible mixture into the atmosphere.
6. Chinese scientists began drilling a well 10,000 meters deep.

The early stage of the Earth's evolution was accompanied by the formation of cracks. On one of the cracks, thanks to volcanoes and earthquakes, the Mid-Atlantic volcanic ridge was formed, which grows both in length and width, and in height and depth at a rate of 0 to 3 mm per year. The reason for the growth of the ridge is the vertical and horizontal faults that form at the junction and around the ridge.
Thanks to volcanoes and earthquakes, faults expand by millimeters, mountain systems by centimeters, and the epicentral region by meters.
Mountain systems formed hundreds of millions of years ago, after the formation of the earth's crust, when the earth's crust beneath the mountain systems was much softer and thinner.
The higher the mountain systems grew, the more they subsided, shifts, bends, failures in mountain systems, the result of uneven growth and subsidence of mountain systems.
Three types of mountains form on earth:
a) Horizontal folded mountains, formed due to numerous eruptions of lava on the surface of the Earth.
b) Vertical fold mountains are formed after seismic events when vertical faults are filled with magma.
c) Blocky mountains are formed when folded mountains collapse and grow due to explosions in vertical and horizontal faults.
Due to faults, the density decreases and, as a result, the buoyancy of the earth's crust increases.
a) The height of the continent above the magma level depends on the density of the continental crust.
b) The more faults and voids in the mountain systems, the higher the mountain systems.
Gases move along the faults that stretch from the mountain systems into the seas and oceans, due to which seaquakes are formed, and as a result, the mountain systems attack the ocean.
Along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge there are dozens of islands through which air enters the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, perhaps the more islands above the oceanic ridge, the higher the geological activity of the ridge.
Earthquakes and volcanoes are natural phenomena, the role of which is the strengthening of cracks in the earth's crust. And mountain systems are patches on the cracks of the planets.
Every year, more than a million earthquakes are recorded on the continents, due to which the strength and buoyancy of the earth's crust increases.

Continuation: Academgorodok Forum Novosibirsk. The science.
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