Dimitris, there is one thing I don't understand..... on the battery side of the pcb we put in a 47uf directional capacitor and one the other side is where we attach the 470nf capacitor. At the same location right? Is this right?
Yes Skott is right.And i see in your photo the polarity electrolytic capacitor is correct.
All it show correct from photo,i do not know what happen and it do not work.
Stay cool and check again for short circuits,bad soldering irons,the situation batteries where you use,you are sure cut the copper line correct down diode 1N4148 (check it with continuity tester).
If all is ok from you,put out all the electronic components modification ,fix the PCB like before modification and look if work correct.